The Report of the Committee for Evolution of the New Education Policy proposes on demand board exams, two tier Class X Board Examination in Mathematics and Science and a single national entrance Test to allow Class XII pass outs to seek admission to various courses. A 1-8 ranking scale for higher education institutes, a new higher education Act and 100 new centers of excellence are also among the key recommendations.
Key recommendations at school
- Class X Board Examination in Mathematics and Science in 2 levels: Part A at higher level and Part B at a lower level. Students who wish to complete their studies at Class X need, by choice, to appear in Part B only. Those who want to take up future courses involving higher mathematics will have to take Part A. On-demand board exams to offer flexibility and reduce year end stress of students.
- A Single National Level Test open to every student who has completed class XII from any School Board This Test to make the successful candidates eligible for admission to various courses without appearing in a number of entrance tests.
- No to No Detention: The report says no detention policy should be discontinued after class V. Detention provision to be restored but with provision of remedial coaching and at least two extra chances to each student to move to a higher class. Also to amend RTE Act to bring minority institutions back into the fold.
- School education in mother tongue till Class V, choice of second language at primary level and third language at secondary level as decided by states.
- Schools with low enrollment and inadequate infrastructure should be, wherever possible, converted to composite schools for better infrastructure, teacher availability and efficient re-deployment.
- Independent teacher: Recruitment commissions to ensure transparent, merit-based norms for selection. For elementary school’s recruitment should be done at district level.
- Top Class 12 performers to be offered admission in a 5-year integrated teaching course leading to specialization in specific subject areas and include an emphasis on developing teaching and research skills. Selected candidates should receive full scholarship from public funds.
- States should convert existing two-year B.Ed. Program to four-year integrated course, with offer of preferential employment to such graduates.
- Mid-day meal extension to secondary schools.
- A special national examination at class X and class XII level for School dropouts; Students who opted for vocational stream but would like to move back to main academic stream and those who wish to study abroad and need certification.
- An independent board to oversee implementation of schemes for children with special needs.
- JNU effect: Report warns against allowing educational institutions to become “political arenas to settle national rivalries.” Says, essential to find the right balance between free speech and the primary purpose for which the universities have been established. It also underlines on the need to restrict period of stay of students on campus saying the main interest of many of these many not be to pursue learning but “to follow a political agenda.” The report also suggests it may be worthwhile to consider non-recognition of student groups that are explicitly based on caste and religion.
- One unified national level examination for admission to each type of specified professional course for admission to any institution across the country.
- Each institution should be evaluated at least once in five years on a scale of I to VII, with VII representing the highest score. Those in the top two of the scale to be given full operational autonomy; Those on the bottom of the scale in category I would be put on notice for immediate closure. Those in category II would be given a warning that they are under close watch, and could be considered for closure unless they move up the scale.
- The Academic Promotion Index (API) must be replaced by more scientific procedures.
- National Fellowship Fund to support tuition fees, learning material and living expenses for about 10 lakh students every year from economically weaker sections. Students to be selected through a separate examination for a national talent scholarship scheme after class 12.
- A National Higher Education Promotion and Management Act to be brought in. To subsume all existing legislations. Recognition of all new universities and colleges will be done by an autonomous statutory Council of Higher Education to be set up by each State.
- Set up a high quality think tank -a Standing Education Commission to study emerging challenges, evaluate policies and programmes, and provide guidance to the Ministry.
- Set up Administrative Tribunals attached to the MHRD to deal with litigation in a time-bound approach.
- A Council for Excellence in Higher Education to create policies to foster the establishment of Centers for Excellence, both in the public and private sectors.